Glossary

Aroma
Aroma is a word that describes the smell and/or taste of a flower or plant. Cannabis aroma examples are “earthy,” “skunky,” or “citrus.”

BHO
Butane Hash Oil is a potent concentrate of cannabinoids that is made by dissolving marijuana in plant form into a solvent, usually butane. This can be a dangerous process dealing with combustables such as butane. It results in a thick, sticky oil that has very high THC levels. Also referred to as honey oil, dabs, earwax or shatter.

Broad Spectrum
Containing a wide variety of the molecules, compounds, and other elements present in the extract’s source material. Usually used to describe the properties of a CBD extract. See: CBD 101

Bud
Bud refers to the flower of the mature marijuana plant. Containing the highest concentrations of active cannabinoids, the flowers are harvested and used for recreational or medicinal purposes.

Cannabinoids
Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant that offer a variety of health benefits.
Cannabis is a plant genus that yields three species of flowering plants:
Cannabis stavia– used to produce both recreational and medicinal marijuana.
Cannabis indica– used to produce both recreational and medicinal marijuana.
Cannabis ruderalis– contains a natural lower THC content and is growing in popularity.

CBD (Cannabidiol)
CBD is the abbreviation for cannabidiol which is only one of the at least 85 cannabinoids that are found in cannabis. Research is continuing to show the effectiveness of CBD on pain, inflammation and anxiety. CBD does not have the psychoactive effects (the “high” feeling) associated with THC.
Get information about CBD here: CBD 101

CBD Oil
A term commonly used to refer to an oil-based tincture specifically formulated with high concentrations of cannabidiol. See: CBD 101

Concentrates
Concentrates are a potent consolidation of cannabinoids, created by dissolving marijuana in it’s plant form into a solvent. This results in a product that is very high in THC levels. The classification of concentrates is dependent on the manufacturing process. The resulting product can range from sticky, thick oils to mouldable goo.

Cross
This typically refers to a hybrid strain, crossing is the process of cross-pollination different strains to hopefully end up with the dominant positive characteristics of each Cannabis plant.

Curing
An essential step of cultivation curing involves drying out the cropped buds gradually after harvest and the initial drying period. This can be done in glass or even special large plastic jars in commercial sized grows to burp out the moisture but not too fast that the bud doesn’t get a chance to properly develop its sweet flavors and aromas.

Dabs / Dabbing
A modern evolution in the world of Cannabis consumption is dabbing whereby you take the clear dabs materials such as oils, waxes or shatter and heat it on a hot plate or use a burner and then inhale it through a glass bong for example. This form of consumption is high intake and fast, for more experienced users with bodies accustomed to a large amount of THC.

Dank
A slang term used to describe high-quality cannabis that is sticky with a very strong aroma.

Dispensary
Any location where a patient or consumer can safely and legally access cannabis.

Edibles
Edibles are medicated edible goods that have been infused with cannabis extracts in some way. Edibles are not only cookies or brownies. Today more chefs are experimenting with edibles and have infused coffee, butter, oils, breads and candies. When you consume edibles, the active components from the extracts take longer to take effect as they have to be absorbed through the digestive system.

Endocannabinoids
Endogenous (naturally occurring) cannabinoids found within the human body. These lipid metabolites play a dual role in intercellular communication. Scientists are currently investigating how endocannabinoids interact with human physiology. See: CBD 101

Endocannabinoid System
A biological system that is responsible in regulating balance between important systems in the body such as the central nervous system, skeletal system, cardiovascular system and more.

The Entourage Effect
This new term describes the combined effort between terpenes and cannabinoids. Both compounds are found in the outer layer of the plant. This effect allows the medical benefits of cannabis to stand out. At the same time, it diminishes the psychoactive side effects. In fact, the two compounds work best together. As the name suggests, the two substances form an entourage; they assist each other.

Extracts
Cannabis extracts are exactly that a product that is created by extracting all of the THC/CBD from the plant matter of the Cannabis flowers/buds. This can be extracted in a variety of ways producing different extract products each with their own qualities and characteristics such as shatter, wax and oils.

Fan leaves
The large cannabis leaves that collect light. The traditional leaf symbol that is commonly associated with cannabis.

Flowers
flower

While cannabis flowers don’t look like your traditional flowers, they are still the reproductive organ of the female plants. Flowers are the crystal-covered, sticky bits of the plant that are harvested and dried to be used as medication. If the flowers are fertilized by male plants, they will produce seeds. If they are not fertilized, they produce the resin that contains active cannabinoids.

Full Spectrum
Used to describe a type of extract and refinement process, or lack thereof. A Full Spectrum CBD extraction will contain the CBD molecule as well as all of the other cannabinoids, terpenes, and other materials naturally occurring in the source material. CBD 101

Ganja
A slang term used for Cannabis by Carribeans or Rastafarians it is actual Sanskrit the original Indic (Indian) language to describe the plant it was introduced to Jamaica by Indian laborers.

Heirloom
A heirloom refers to a strain of cannabis plant that is taken from it’s native homeland and propagated in another geographical location.

Hemp
Hemp is a fiberous product that is produced from the male cannabis plant and is used in the manufacture of paper, rope, food and beauty products, just to name a few. Hemp is from the male cannabis plant and have no value as a drug; however, hemp is still illegal in some places.

Hemp Seed Oil
Referred to as hemp oil, hemp seed oil does not contain any CBD, THC, or other cannabinoids. Hemp seed oil is specifically derived from the seeds of the hemp plant, and is most commonly used as a nutritious cooking oil or as an ingredient in personal care products.

Hybrid
A plant which is a cross between more than one strain and may be intentional or accidental. People often use the term hybrid to explain the balance between Sativa and Indica in a particular strain of Cannabis. Whether people want to admit it or not the majority of Cannabis today is hybrid. It is a long time since the original strains have been popularly grown in their simplest forms before experimentation began to create the ultimate smoke.

Indica
Cannabis Indica as it is scientifically known is one of the three main branches of Cannabis. Originating from Asia and the Middle East the plants produce a different effect to their Sativa siblings. The plants produce a more relaxed high and grow shorter yet bushier and have more concentrated buds.

Joint
A hand-rolled Cannabis cigarette. There are however regional variations on this. In some places, a joint contains only cannabis, in other places a mixture of cannabis and tobacco. In some places a joint is larger and more cone shaped than its sibling the spliff. However, in other places, a spiff means tobacco is mixed in and a joint means it is pure weed.

Marijuana
Marijuana is the general term for female cannabis plants. Females are different from male plants in that they contain a high percentage of cannabinoids that have medicinal and psychoactive properties.

Micro Grow
A small grow of 1-3 plants grown in a very small space or a small grow tent or cabinet. Auto-flowering plants are often used for micro grows as these take up little space due to only growing to small sizes and having a shorter growth and flower cycle period.

Myrcene
The most prevalent terpene found in most varieties of marijuana. Described as smelling clove-like, earthy, green-vegetative, citrus, fruity with tropical mango or minty nuances.

Node
The spot where the leaf joins the stem.

Ruderalis
Ruderalis is a low-THC variety of cannabis that many breeders use for it’s rich CBD genetics. Ruderalis is an “autoflowering” (does not depend on light to flower) and flowers with age. It is a very hardy plant that can survive very harsh climates.

Sativa
Cannabis Sativa is a special of the Cannabis plant. This variety of strains originated outside of Asia and the Middle East for the most part so counter to it’s Indica Sibling. Varieties trace their roots back to a variety of places such as Africa, South America and the Caribbean and may date back to ancient times where the lands were connected. Sativa plants tend to grow taller and have a lighter green appearance, they also take longer to complete their flowering period. Sativa effects are described as more cerebral and mind altering / opening than the physical and pain killing / sedative effects of Indica varieties.

Schwag
Schwag is a word used to describe low quality marijuana. It is typically very dry and brown in colour.

Shatter
Also referred to as “Ice” Shatter commonly refers to a specific type of Cannabis concentrate. It has a glossy honey like appearance with transparency and when warm has a honey like viscosity and when cooled goes hard like handy, hence the phrase “shatter”. Usually it is dried and cooled on grease proof paper and wrapped to be sold in dispensaries.

Sinsemilla
Spanish for “without seeds”, this refers to a seedless female flowers.

Terpenes
Terpenes are responsible for the smell and flavor of the marijuana plant. They are responsible for inducing the entourage effect in marijuana. Terpenes are aromatic oils that color cannabis varieties with distinctive flavors like citrus, berry, mint, and pine. They play a key role in differentiating the effects of various cannabis strains. Some terpenes promote relaxation and stress-relief, while others promote focus and acuity. Even though about 200 of them are known to science, only a select few actually affect the aroma of the plant.

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol)
THC is an abbreviation for the word tetrahydrocannabinol. It is the component of the marijuana plant responsible for the psychoactive effects, or the “high” that is experienced. Research has also shown that THC can be an effective medical treatment for a range of conditions.

Tincture
A tincture is a liquid cannabis extract that is usually made with alcohol or glycerol. It is often dosed with a dropper and placed under the tongue for faster absorption. Tinctures can be flavoured and the effects can be felt within minutes.

Topical
Describes a substance designed for application to the skin such as creams and lotions.

Trichomes
The hairs that contain the THC producing glands of the female Cannabis plant. Trichomes begin their life clear then turn a milky coloration and eventually to an amber / light brown and monitoring them is one of the best ways to judge the best time to harvest.

Vaporizer
A device used to consume cannabis. Some vapes can vapourise plant matter / dry materials and others specifically work with oils/extracts/waxes by heating to the desired temperature but not hot enough to combust and produce the harmful toxic carbons and byproducts of combustion. When the plant matter or extracts reach the right temperature all of the essential oils and THC turn to vapour and can be inhaled through a mouth piece on small mobile devices.

Wax
Cannabis Wax is another form of concentrate however refers more specifically to the softer opaque oil like extracts with a low transparency due to factors effecting the irregular molecular densities. Depending on heat, moisture and the oils used to begin with can effect the consistency of the wax.

Weed
A slang term commonly used to refer to Cannabis. It is used because Cannabis is essentially a weed and has the same characteristics as most garden weeds, it is hardy and grows fast in a variety of conditions of course that doesn’t mean it will bare good fruit unless conditions are at least satisfactory.