CBD 101

CBD 101

A Beginner’s Guide to Cannabidiol

What is CBD?
What is my Endocannabinoid System?
CBD Hemp Oil vs Hemp Seed Oil
What can CBD do for me?
How do I take CBD?
How much CBD should I take?
Shopping for CBD Oil – Which one do you choose?
Let me tell you my story

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is an abundant, chemical compound from the cannabinoid family that occurs naturally in the cannabis plant. Scientists have isolated 108 different types of cannabinoids in cannabis. 

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is probably the best-known part of the cannabis plant thanks to its psychoactive properties — it’s the one that gets you “high” — but CBD is quickly gaining ground due to its potential therapeutic benefits with none of the “high” effects. 


Cannabidiol oil is a natural oil which is extracted from the flowers and leaves of the cannabis plant. Quality CBD oil is a supplement to a healthy diet and lifestyle and has powerful benefits to your health which include managing inflammation, levels of stress, sleep and digestion, but it is not a miracle therapy. It will not cure you of any health problems overnight.

CBD helps your body reach and maintain balance by promoting the endocannabinoid system. This system is a complex cell-signaling system in the body identified in the early 1990s by researchers exploring cannabinoids (Compounds found in cannabis). We already know it plays role in regulating a range of functions and processes, including sleep, appetite, mood, memory, reproduction and fertility.

Supplementing the body’s endocannabinoid system with plant-derived cannabinoid oil is a potential way to encourage and maintain wellness. Those facing issues can also benefit from greater equilibrium within the body as a result of a better operating endocannabinoid system.

What is my Endocannabinoid System?

Everybody has an EndocannabinoidSystem (ECS) which continuously works to keep important functions like mood, sleep patterns, appetite, memory, metabolism, immune response, and more, balanced and running optimally.

Endocannabinoids, also called endogenous cannabinoids, are molecules made by your body. They’re similar to cannabinoids, but they’re produced by your body and help keep internal functions running smoothly. Your body produces them as needed, and they exist actively in your body even if you don’t use cannabis.

The whole endocannabinoid system is a complex network of cell receptors and neurotransmitters that are responsible for maintaining homeostasis in the body. Cannabinoid receptors are spread throughout the entire body, with largest concentrations in the central and peripheral nervous systems, and in the immune system. The ECS improves the communication between all those systems.

Anytime changes in the external environment cause a function in the Endocannabinoid System’s watch to become imbalanced, the system responds by triggering a series of chemical reactions designed to bring that function back to where it should be. CBD stimulates the endocannabinoid system to produce its own cannabinoids.

CBD Hemp Oil vs Hemp Seed Oil

Cannabis oil is an umbrella term to describe different types of products made from plants that belong to the Cannabis sativa L. family. Marijuana CBD oil, CBD hemp oil, and hemp seed oil come from the same parent plant.

CBD Hemp Oil is made from the plant’s flowers, which boast the highest concentrations of cannabinoid-rich resin. CBD hemp oil uses solvent-based extraction methods.The solvent is either high-proof alcohol (for CBD tinctures) or supercritical CO2 (for CBD oil drops). The standard for CBD hemp oil is the CO2 extraction, as it ensures your CBD extract is potent and free of any toxic solvents.

CBD hemp oil contains high levels of CBD along with other cannabinoids, terpenes, and essential oils and this makes ituseful as a health supplement.

Hemp seed oil is obtained in a completely different way, as it calls for cold-pressingthe seeds using a mechanical press to separate the oil from the seeds. The process is much like how cold-pressed olive oil is made.

Hemp seed oil carries ZERO CBD but contains a variety of beneficial nutrients. It is rich in omega-3 and omega-6 acids, wholesome protein, vitamin E, vitamin B2 and B6, and trace minerals.

What can CBD do for me?

Studies have shown that among many things, CBD can provide relief from:

  • anxiety
  • depression
  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • addiction
  • inflammation
  • arthritis pain
  • schizophrenia

CBD has also been shown to help treat childhood epilepsy and other seizure disorders. Much more research is needed to determine the full benefits of using CBD as a treatment for anything, but people all over the world are now discovering it’s benefits on their own.

How do I take CBD?

CBD is available in several different forms. This allows people to tailor their method of use to their specific needs. The most common forms of CBD are:

Oils and Tinctures
Liquids, usually oils, are infused with CBD and placed under the tongue with a dropper. This helps you absorb the compounds quickly. Oils and tinctures are a good choice for anyone who can’t take pills or capsules.

Creams and Lotions and Topicals
CBD-infused topicals are used to treat joint and muscle pain. They can also treat some skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis. 

Capsules and Pills
CBD capsules and pills are used for systemic treatment of seizure disorders and digestive issues. The one drawback with capsule forms is that the time from ingestion to the onset of effect can take a while.

Edibles are being produced in many forms, but the most popular is the gummy. Gummies are one of the most popular ways to take CBD as they are affordable, portable, discrete, tasty and they come in specific dosages so there’s no guesswork involved. You know exactly what dose you’re taking. Edibles will take longer for the onset of effect as they must go through the digestive system to get to the blood stream.

Inhaling vaporized CBD oil, like with an e-cig for CBD, is the fastest way to experience effects. Compounds are inhaled and absorbed directly from the lungs into the bloodstream. There have been recent reported cases though that vaping does damage to delicate lung tissue. Proceed with caution if you choose to vape your CBD.

How much CBD should I take?

You should generally start with a low dosage and go slow with increasing your dose until you know how your body will react to CBD. Often CBD oil is used support both night-time sleep and daytime focus, so first take it at night to see if it causes you drowsiness. If that is not a problem, take your CBD in the mornings.

One option is to start with 1-6 mg of CBD for every 4.5 kilos (10 pounds) of weight for about 1 week. Increase your serving size slowly and take a few days to note how your body feels. If a rise in serving size produces unpleasant effects such as drowsiness, then back off to the lower serving.

A few things to keep in mind when dosing:

If you’re using CBD for seizure treatment or any major medical treatment, talk with your doctor about the best product and dose.

Many oils on the market come in 1 milligram per drop concentrations, so dosing with these is straight forward. Read the product labels thoroughly so you know who much each drop provides.

Gummies often come in standard doses such as 5 milligrams per gummy, which makes it easy to find your ideal dose.

Vaping oil dosing can be a bit tricky as it depends on how much you inhale and how concentrated the vaping juice is. This could vary a lot from person to person.

Creams, salves and lotions should be used sparingly at first and increase as needed.

Shopping for CBD Oil – Which one do you choose?

Firstly, it is very important that you do your research when choosing a quality, pharmaceutical grade CBD product from a legally authorized and licensed brand you can trust. Many companies provide independent lab testing for quality, assurance and safety and they make these reports publicly available. You want to be sure that there are no harmful substances present in the product that you are buying. Never buy from the black market.

CBD is commonly sold in the following 3 forms:

Full Spectrum CBD Oil

If an extract is full-spectrum, this means it contains all phytochemicals naturally found in the plant, including CBD, trace cannabinoids, terpenes, and essential oils. Full-spectrum extracts from hemp also come with a negligible THC content —  below 0.3%

The full spectrum of the active compounds extracted from hemp work together to amplify the health benefits of each individual cannabinoid. This phenomenon is referred to as the entourage effect.The ‘entourage effect’ is the notion that the pharmacological effects of cannabis are greater than the sum of individual cannabis chemical components.

Broad Spectrum CBD Oil

Broad-spectrum CBD contains cannabidiol and all the other compounds within the plant, except for the THC, which iscompletely removedafter the initial extraction. Because broad-spectrum extracts contain multiple cannabinoids, they also produce the “entourage effect,” but without the THC.

In a very simplified manner, broad-spectrum CBD is like a mix between full-spectrum CBD and CBD isolate. It contains the entire spectrum of cannabinoids without any THC.

CBD Isolate

CBD can also be isolated and purified. Pure CBD is known in the industry as CBD Isolate.

The advantage of using CBD isolate over other formats is the highest concentration of CBD per serving. Isolates are usually 99% pure, meaning that one gram of isolate powder carries about 990 mg of CBD. However, there’s no entourage effect. Isolate is devoid of the beneficial terpenes and other cannabinoids that are found naturally in the plant. They are usually lower in price and demand compared to the full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD.

Let me tell you my story

I started my research on CBD and its benefits before it was available in Australia. I turned my Mom onto it as she lives in the USA where CBD is readily available.

Besides the usual aches and pains for a woman in her 70’s, she was facing knee surgery. For years I was getting Ibuprophen gel from Australia to her as it is a prescription item in the USA. Mom has always been open about natural healing, but we had to get over the stigma of cannabis.

She first purchased CBD salve. After a few weeks of application, she noticed a big difference in her knee pain. She only had to apply it once in the morning for a whole day of relief.

She now takes CBD oil. She has found her ideal dosage and is feeling great in all kinds of ways.

When I visited her in the USA I started my own regimen of CBD. I started with gummies and then graduated to CBD oil. After a month and a half I was already seeing it’s effects.

The most noticeable difference was my daily anxiety level. It went way down and I enjoyed being able to handle life’s daily challenges without any panic. I also suffer from arthritis in my right hand and the pain there has subsided substantially. I find myself sleeping better at night as well.

I will continue my CBD journey and will be documenting it here on my blog.

Please share so we can continue to educate and reach all we can to promote cannabis reform. We thank you SO much for all you can do. I’m not selling anything here. I just want to spread the word and educate as many people as I can. I know that I am just a little fish in a big ocean, but I do hope I can make a difference.

Canna Health Australia

Disclaimer: This guide contains information to help the reader make educated decisions about why and how to use CBD oil. It is in no way intended to provide medical advice. It is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. CBD is not for sale or use to anyone under the age of 18. Every reader should seek the professional advice of a qualified medical practitioner who is well versed in the use of CBD before beginning use.


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